AIOU Course Code 8601-1 Solved Assignment Spring 2022
B.ED (1.5 Year), (2.5 Year), (4 Year) Solved Assignments
Assignment No. 1
Note: Attempt all questions. Please avoid reproducing form books, your own analysis
and synthesis will be welcome.
Q. 1 Specify the personal and professional characteristics of good teachers. (20)
Fairness is one of the characteristics of the students’ favorite teachers. All humans possess an inbuilt sense of fair play. Whenever a person violates, the other person in this situation is prone to react negatively..
2) Positive Attitude
3) Sense of Belonging
4 ) Personal Touch
Q.2 Define effective teaching. Discuss the factors contributing towards effective teaching. (10+10)
The concept of “Effective Teaching” is considered as a range of factors that collectively work together and result in effective learning. Most of the people agree that the basic purpose of teaching is to enable learning. An elaboration to this concept is required to fulfill the needs of today’s youth in a knowledge-driven society where information rapidly increases at great scale. Therefore the concept of teaching should move beyond the lower order skills of acquisition and reproduction of knowledge and facts.
The students require equipping them with more recent and advanced body of knowledge, and enabling them to apply, upgrade and create knowledge.
There are various aspects of effective teaching, such as;
Q.3 Highlight the steps of planning “development of instruction”. (20)
STEPS IN LESSON PLANNING
The plans of class room activities to be happened each day make the teaching effective. The teachers go through many steps for planning a lesson. Six steps are given below to guide the teachers to create their first lesson plans. Each step is comprised by a set of questions:
- Outline learning objectives
The lesson objectives are usefully stated in terms of what students will achieve at the end of the lesson. The first step is to determine as a teacher what you want students to learn and be able to do at the end of class. To help you specify your objectives for student learning, answer the following questions:
Q.4 a) Describe difference between instrinsic and extrinsic motivation. (10+10)
The motivation arises from internal factors such as a child’s natural feeling of curiosity, exigent, confidence and satisfaction when performing a task. People who are involved in a task because of intrinsic motivation appear to be engaged and even consumed, since they are motivated by the activity itself and not some goal that is achieved at the end or as a result of the activity. Intrinsic motivation is the ultimate goal in education at every level.
Example: Children play game for no……………..
b) Define the term inquiry approach and enlist the methods that come under the umbrella of
Inquiry” is defined as “a seeking for truth, information, or knowledge — seeking information by questioning.” Individuals carry on the process of inquiry from the time they are born until they die. This is true even though they might not reflect upon the process. Infants begin to make sense of the world by inquiring. From birth, babies observe faces that come near, they grasp objects, they put things in their mouths, and they turn toward voices. The process of inquiring begins with gathering information and data through applying the human senses — seeing, hearing, touching, tasting, and smelling..
Q.5 What is an activity? Discuss the importance of activity method. Name the different types of
activities you would use in English. (5+5+10)
Before explaining the activity method, it seems better to answer this question, what is an activity? Anything which is carried out with a purpose in a social environment involving physical and mental action. Such activities help in the establishment of stimulating environment for creative expression.
Importance of Activity Method
The learners are actively involved as the environment is democratic. The activities are interactive and student-centere…….